The History of Bosphorus

Bosphorus is not just a pass! It is a huge and amazing part of the World history! Therefore noone will never be able to describe the importance and beauty of this gem, which is located in Istanbul…

 

It is the meeting point between Europe and Asia that runs between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea…where during the early centuries, witnessed the passage of many heroes, mythological figures, warlike tribes and armies! Seafarer Greeks, who wanted to reach the shores of the Black Sea in order to establish trade colonies and new cities! One of the well known figures was Jason, who passed through Bosphorus with his companions and his ship “Argo” and Persian King Darius who built a pontoon bridge and let his armies go through its straits!

 

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Bosphorus stayed uninhabited during these early centuries. There were only temples, dedicated to sea gods, to ensure a safe journey through these waters. People who were navigating there, used to sacrifice animals and offer things to ancient gods. During the Byzantine Empire, a great number of Byzantine monasteries were built on the banks of Bosphorus. These monasteries on the isolated bays and hills of Istanbul, obtained great fame!
 
 
Being the only passage between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, the Bosphorus has always been of great commercial and strategic importance! This significance of the strait, was one of the factors in the decision of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great, to found there his new capital, Constantinople (Istanbul), in AD 330…
 
 
It is inconceivable to travel to Istanbul without taking a tour on the Bosphorus! The view you’ll enjoy is amazing. It is as if the entire city bows to the shores of Bosphorus. While passing through this strait, you will have the opportunity to see many sights from European and Asian side, that will definetely impress you: 

-The Dolmabahce Palace, the green parks and imperial pavilions of Yildiz Palace, the beautiful Ciragan Palace which is now a five star hotel, Ortakoy, Arnavutkoy and Bebek, lovely and elegant neighbors of the city, located right on the banks of Bosphorus, all the great shore-front wooden villas, called Yalis, rustic stone fortresses such as Rumeli Hisar and Anadolu Hisari…and the Emirgan Park with its pavilions and the colored tulips!
-On the Asian side lies the Beylerbeyi Palace and right behind it rises the Camlica Hill, which offers an amazing overview of the city, being the highest point of Istanbul. Near by is also located Goksu Palace. At Beykoz area, lies the Hidiv Palace, which is now a hotel that hosts concerts and conferences.

Another admirable attraction is the suspesion bridge of Bosphorus. The first bridge that united the two continents and brought the two sides of Istanbul, even closer! Enjoy the beauty of this amazing city by crossing the bridge at the evening…

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