Top sights in Turkey

A magnificent country which offers rich historical heritage and unparalleled beauty! Dozens of attractions all over Turkey, remind us significant eras from the ancient times.  

Here is a list with the Top sights in Turkey:

 

Aspendos Theatre, Antalya

aspendos

One of the best preserved theatres in the world is located at the ancient city of Aspendos. A Roman construction, built by the orders of Emperor Marcus Aurelius in 161-180 AD. Its capacity was 15.000-20.000 seats! The stage was also used as a caravanserai, so it was continuously repaired and maintained, a thing that helped its conservation until today

 

Cotton Castle, Pamukkale

cotton castle

At the valley of Meander, there is a natural phenomenon also known as “cotton castle” which forms a wonderful spectacle. Unique travertine small pools created when warm mineral water cooled and deposited calcium as it cascaded over the cliff edge. For thousand of years, people were using these pools to take advantage of the calcium in the water and its restorative qualities

 

Bodrum Castle, Bodrum

castlebodrum

A castle that was build for St.Peter in the 15th century! Dating back to medieval times, it’s an imposing attraction, located at one of the most famous resorts in the country. A well preserved monument overlooking the marina of Bodrum, which now operates as a museum of Underwater Archaeology. In order to reach the inner castle, you have to pass from 7 doors!

 

Mount Nemrut, Adiyaman

nemrut

In the southeastern of Turkey, near the city of Adiyaman, lies the Nemrut Mountain. At the top of the mountain, King Antiochus I, God of Commagene, built a tomb sanctuary in 62 BC. An imposing place which was surrounded by huge statues of himself, 2 lions, 2 eagles and statues of several Gods, such as Hercules, Zeus and Apollon. Over the years, due to iconoclasm, the heads were detached from the bodies and lay scattered throughout the site

 

Topkapi Palace, Istanbul

topkapipalace

The most famous palace in Istanbul! A place that housed for over 400 years, the Ottoman Sultans, their families and about 4000 people who also lived there. A complex of small buildings, consisted of four main courtyards and the Harem. A palace with unbelievable beauty, which was built by Mehmet the Conqueror after the Conquest of Constantinople in 1453

 

Library of Celsus, Ephesus

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The highlight of the ruins in Ephesus, is the imposing Library of Celcus! Built in 117 AD, for Gaius Julius Celsus governor of Asia, who is buried in a crypt beneath it. A wonderful structure, made with double walls behind the bookcases, in order to store 12.000 scrolls. In 262 AD, an earthquake destroyed the library!

 

Fairy Chimneys, Goreme

April 2008, Cappadocia, Turkey --- Hot Air balloon over Volcanic tufa rock pillars (Fairy Chimneys), Love Valley near Goreme, Cappadocia, Turkey --- Image by © Gavin Hellier/JAI/Corbis

The wind and water erosions of two different volcanic layers, formed these unreal rock formations! Huge and imposing, fairy chimneys create a unique scenery which attracts thousand of visitors every year. The chimneys were hollowed, in order to create houses, churches and storage facilities during the period that Christians took shelter in Cappadocia

 

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

hagia sophia

The “eighth wonder of the world”, dedicated to the Wisdom of God, built in 537. An amazing architectural sample of the Byzantium Era, which served as a Christian church for over 900 years. One of the most precious jewels of the World Heritage, that turned into a mosque after the conquest of Constantinople by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1453. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk converted it into a museum, in 1935

 

Sumela Monastery,Trabzon

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The beautiful and imposing monastery of Virgin Mary, lies at 1200 meters on a steep cliff at the city of Trabzon. An ancient Orthodox monastery, almost 1600 years old, constructed on rocks, can be reached by a path through the forest. Found in the 4th century, considered to be one of the most important attractions of the Black Sea. Covered with wonderful frescoes representing biblical scenes of Christ and Virgin Mary, this church was abandoned after the exchange of the populations in 1923

 

Ani, Kars

Model

Near the borders with Armenia, there is a beautiful place, founded almost 1600 years ago. The “city of a thousand and one churches”, that was located on several trade routes, being also a Silk road. Ani served as the capital of the Bagratid Armenia Kingdom between 961 and 1045. Because all of its buildings and structures were amongst the most technically and artistically advanced in the world… Ani were conquered hundred of times! By 1700, the city was completely abandoned

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